Wild Nature

Site about beauty of nature

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  • In ancient times people had very consumerist and unreasonable attitude to the around world. Animals were killed in large amounts to be used as a food for humans and also for the animals’ skins to be used too. And the more than human population was growing, more often separate animal species simply were disappearing from the face of the Earth.

    Exactly the threat of extinction of the world flora and fauna became a ground for establishing in 1948 a non-profit organization with 82 countries in all over the world; it is an International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Next year – 1949 – was organized a permanent Species Survival Commission, which studies the endangered species. There were developed recommendations for their protection, and the first edition of the Red Data Book with a small circulation was published in 1963.

    It was an annotated list of rare and endangered animals, plants and fungi. The two volumes of Red List contained information about mammals (the First Volume) and birds (the Second Volume). The Second edition in three volumes was published in 1966-1971 and was supplied by information about reptiles and amphibians. The Third edition, issued in 1972, contained information about the current status of the species listed in the Red Data Book. The Fourth edition of the Red List of Animal Threatened Species was published in 1978-1980. A new information on some species was registered in it. The latest edition of the Red Data Book (1978-1980) contains information not only about disappearing, but also about recovered species of mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles. In addition, the book includes information about endangered species of fishes.

    IUCN Red List (International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) contains information about the type, area of distribution, as well as the causes of decline of the species. The criteria for entering the species in the Red Data Book are assessment of vulnerability and the size of population.

    There are also more detailed Red List of Animal Threatened Species, they are national and regional, where, in addition to information about the geographical distribution, abundance and status of species, is provided the information on character diseases, that are common for separate species , as well as about these species propagation and measures necessary for the conservation of this species are described.


    The list of threatened Mammals


    The list of threatened Birds


    The list of threatened Reptiles


    The list of threatened Fish


    The list of threatened Insects


    The list of threatened Plants


    Red Data Book of the Russian Federation


    Red Data Book of the Ukraine