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  • South American coati (Nasua nasua) or coati, received such name thanks to the peculiarities of its nose. This name – coati – is possible to translate from one of the Indian dialects as “nose-belt” or “belt on the nose.”

    The animal belongs to the raccoon family. Coati is a rather small omnivorous mammal. Inhabited area of this predator is South America, sometimes the southern regions of the United States. Coati prefers to live in tropical and subtropical forests: dense shrubs and low trees attract the animal.

    Nearly the half of coati’s body length is its tail (up to 69 cm) that is a good balance for walking. The tail is quite fluffy, striped with dark and light rings. Coati’s height at the withers can reach 29 cm. But females are nearly two times smaller than males. The length of the body (including tail) varies from 80 to 130 cm. Animal weighs 3 – 6 kg. Coati has elongated snout with a movable nose resembling proboscis; the nose tip is black. Its ears are small, rounded, placed quite broadly. Face marks of the form of symmetrical bright spots are around the eyes and nose and dark areas are on the cheeks. The color of the animal hair varies: from dark brown to red species, as well as grayish-brown. Coati’s tips of paws are dark.

    Coati is omnivore. It eats larvae and beetles, eggs and fruit, scorpions and ants, lizards and small rodents, spiders and centipedes. Sometimes coatis explore garbage near human settlements and even steal chickens from farmers.

    Coati is an excellent climber and good swimmer. Animals live in groups of 4 – 20 individuals, the members are females, young males and cubs. The territory of a group in diameter is about one kilometer. Coati are very active and mostly move across their land searching food.

    Adult males live singly and separately, they meet other coati during the breeding season only. The males fight with each other to mate with all the females of the group.

    Coatis’ mating season lasts from January to March. Pregnancy lasts about 75 days. Coati equips nest for babies in a hollow of the tree or in a pit into the ground One time it delivers up to 6 kids.

    Adult males are a danger for young coatis (it’s a reason to expel afults from the group). Pumas, ocelots, jaguars and jaguarundi are coati’s enemies. Carnivorous birds and large snakes (boas) are a danger for adult coatis too. People also hunt for coati.

    People cut down forests that reduce the number of southern coatimundis. Usually coati gets use to people quickly and is able to live closely to human dwellings, but people often aggressively treat these animals because sometimes coatis make harm to farmers.