Wild Nature

Site about beauty of nature

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  • There is an animal which is not large and resembles little bit familiar sheep at local herdsmen farms in the highlands of South America. It is an elegant alpaca. A man domesticated alpacas about 6000 years ago to obtain its wool of amazing quality.

    Alpaca’s height reaches about 1 m, this animal has a quite long neck and an admirable head with expressive eyes. Currently scientists know 2 species of alpacas; the main difference between them is the look of wool. Suri alpaca has a long hair which length on the body sides can reach 20 cm. Alpaca Wyke’s wool is short with curls that resemble plush tissue. In spite of the differences between these two representatives of camelids, their wool is hypoallergenic, soft and do not miss the water.

    Alpacas feel themselves perfectly in harsh environments of the highlands at the altitude of about 3000 meters, they can stand heat and chilling wind rather easily.

    Thanks to unique digestive apparatus alpaca can use as nutrition any vegetable food like grass, hay, leaves. The way of alpakas’ live is a family group in which one buck is a leader. All family members go to grass and live together.

    Farmers like graceful alpacas for their cleanliness too. Alpaca isn’t very faithful, it does not attach to people, so it even does not notice the change of owners. Nevertheless, the animal prefers its stroking, scratching its hair, sometimes pronounces sounds resembling the sheep’s bleating.

    Alpaca is a quiet representative of its genus, it goes proudly to the place of pasture and philosophically prefers to explore the outside world. However, it does not display a special curiosity towards events around.

    Wild cougars, coyotes, Patagonian gray foxes can attack on alpacas’ herds. During such attacks alpakas grouped and protects themselves by front legs and spitting.

    Females’ sexual maturity comes at the age after a year, pregnancy lasts for nearly eleven months. Usually alpacas deliver one calf, which is called cria. Its weigh can derive from 6 to 8 kg. The female is ready to re-fertilize in two weeks after the reproduction.

    Today alpacas do not exist in the wild form, so their quantity depends on men. Valuable alpaka furs force farmers to increase animals’ herds. Alpaca breeds badly, in case they have not around rocky terrain and pastures of large square. Now alpacas are ranched at special farms, where they are used for the treatment of children with autism.